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// This file is part of Substrate.

// Copyright (C) 2019-2020 Parity Technologies (UK) Ltd.
// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0

// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
//
// 	http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.

//! Shareable Substrate traits.

use std::{
	borrow::Cow,
	fmt::{Debug, Display},
	panic::UnwindSafe,
};

pub use sp_externalities::{Externalities, ExternalitiesExt};

/// Code execution engine.
pub trait CodeExecutor: Sized + Send + Sync + CallInWasm + Clone + 'static {
	/// Externalities error type.
	type Error: Display + Debug + Send + Sync + 'static;

	/// Call a given method in the runtime. Returns a tuple of the result (either the output data
	/// or an execution error) together with a `bool`, which is true if native execution was used.
	fn call<
		R: codec::Codec + PartialEq,
		NC: FnOnce() -> Result<R, String> + UnwindSafe,
	>(
		&self,
		ext: &mut dyn Externalities,
		runtime_code: &RuntimeCode,
		method: &str,
		data: &[u8],
		use_native: bool,
		native_call: Option<NC>,
	) -> (Result<crate::NativeOrEncoded<R>, Self::Error>, bool);
}

/// Something that can fetch the runtime `:code`.
pub trait FetchRuntimeCode {
	/// Fetch the runtime `:code`.
	///
	/// If the `:code` could not be found/not available, `None` should be returned.
	fn fetch_runtime_code<'a>(&'a self) -> Option<Cow<'a, [u8]>>;
}

/// Wrapper to use a `u8` slice or `Vec` as [`FetchRuntimeCode`].
pub struct WrappedRuntimeCode<'a>(pub std::borrow::Cow<'a, [u8]>);

impl<'a> FetchRuntimeCode for WrappedRuntimeCode<'a> {
	fn fetch_runtime_code<'b>(&'b self) -> Option<Cow<'b, [u8]>> {
		Some(self.0.as_ref().into())
	}
}

/// Type that implements [`FetchRuntimeCode`] and always returns `None`.
pub struct NoneFetchRuntimeCode;

impl FetchRuntimeCode for NoneFetchRuntimeCode {
	fn fetch_runtime_code<'a>(&'a self) -> Option<Cow<'a, [u8]>> {
		None
	}
}

/// The Wasm code of a Substrate runtime.
#[derive(Clone)]
pub struct RuntimeCode<'a> {
	/// The code fetcher that can be used to lazily fetch the code.
	pub code_fetcher: &'a dyn FetchRuntimeCode,
	/// The optional heap pages this `code` should be executed with.
	///
	/// If `None` are given, the default value of the executor will be used.
	pub heap_pages: Option<u64>,
	/// The SCALE encoded hash of `code`.
	///
	/// The hashing algorithm isn't that important, as long as all runtime
	/// code instances use the same.
	pub hash: Vec<u8>,
}

impl<'a> PartialEq for RuntimeCode<'a> {
	fn eq(&self, other: &Self) -> bool {
		self.hash == other.hash
	}
}

impl<'a> RuntimeCode<'a> {
	/// Create an empty instance.
	///
	/// This is only useful for tests that don't want to execute any code.
	pub fn empty() -> Self {
		Self {
			code_fetcher: &NoneFetchRuntimeCode,
			hash: Vec::new(),
			heap_pages: None,
		}
	}
}

impl<'a> FetchRuntimeCode for RuntimeCode<'a> {
	fn fetch_runtime_code<'b>(&'b self) -> Option<Cow<'b, [u8]>> {
		self.code_fetcher.fetch_runtime_code()
	}
}

/// Could not find the `:code` in the externalities while initializing the [`RuntimeCode`].
#[derive(Debug)]
pub struct CodeNotFound;

impl std::fmt::Display for CodeNotFound {
	fn fmt(&self, f: &mut std::fmt::Formatter) -> Result<(), std::fmt::Error> {
		write!(f, "the storage entry `:code` doesn't have any code")
	}
}

/// `Allow` or `Disallow` missing host functions when instantiating a WASM blob.
#[derive(Clone, Copy, Debug)]
pub enum MissingHostFunctions {
	/// Any missing host function will be replaced by a stub that returns an error when
	/// being called.
	Allow,
	/// Any missing host function will result in an error while instantiating the WASM blob,
	Disallow,
}

impl MissingHostFunctions {
	/// Are missing host functions allowed?
	pub fn allowed(self) -> bool {
		matches!(self, Self::Allow)
	}
}

/// Something that can call a method in a WASM blob.
pub trait CallInWasm: Send + Sync {
	/// Call the given `method` in the given `wasm_blob` using `call_data` (SCALE encoded arguments)
	/// to decode the arguments for the method.
	///
	/// Returns the SCALE encoded return value of the method.
	///
	/// # Note
	///
	/// If `code_hash` is `Some(_)` the `wasm_code` module and instance will be cached internally,
	/// otherwise it is thrown away after the call.
	fn call_in_wasm(
		&self,
		wasm_code: &[u8],
		code_hash: Option<Vec<u8>>,
		method: &str,
		call_data: &[u8],
		ext: &mut dyn Externalities,
		missing_host_functions: MissingHostFunctions,
	) -> Result<Vec<u8>, String>;
}

sp_externalities::decl_extension! {
	/// The call-in-wasm extension to register/retrieve from the externalities.
	pub struct CallInWasmExt(Box<dyn CallInWasm>);
}

impl CallInWasmExt {
	/// Creates a new instance of `Self`.
	pub fn new<T: CallInWasm + 'static>(inner: T) -> Self {
		Self(Box::new(inner))
	}
}

sp_externalities::decl_extension! {
	/// Task executor extension.
	pub struct TaskExecutorExt(Box<dyn SpawnNamed>);
}

impl TaskExecutorExt {
	/// New instance of task executor extension.
	pub fn new(spawn_handle: impl SpawnNamed + Send + 'static) -> Self {
		Self(Box::new(spawn_handle))
	}
}

/// Runtime spawn extension.
pub trait RuntimeSpawn: Send {
	/// Create new runtime instance and use dynamic dispatch to invoke with specified payload.
	///
	/// Returns handle of the spawned task.
	///
	/// Function pointers (`dispatcher_ref`, `func`) are WASM pointer types.
	fn spawn_call(&self, dispatcher_ref: u32, func: u32, payload: Vec<u8>) -> u64;

	/// Join the result of previously created runtime instance invocation.
	fn join(&self, handle: u64) -> Vec<u8>;
}

#[cfg(feature = "std")]
sp_externalities::decl_extension! {
	/// Extension that supports spawning extra runtime instances in externalities.
	pub struct RuntimeSpawnExt(Box<dyn RuntimeSpawn>);
}

/// Something that can spawn futures (blocking and non-blocking) with an assigned name.
#[dyn_clonable::clonable]
pub trait SpawnNamed: Clone + Send + Sync {
	/// Spawn the given blocking future.
	///
	/// The given `name` is used to identify the future in tracing.
	fn spawn_blocking(&self, name: &'static str, future: futures::future::BoxFuture<'static, ()>);
	/// Spawn the given non-blocking future.
	///
	/// The given `name` is used to identify the future in tracing.
	fn spawn(&self, name: &'static str, future: futures::future::BoxFuture<'static, ()>);
}

impl SpawnNamed for Box<dyn SpawnNamed> {
	fn spawn_blocking(&self, name: &'static str, future: futures::future::BoxFuture<'static, ()>) {
		(**self).spawn_blocking(name, future)
	}

	fn spawn(&self, name: &'static str, future: futures::future::BoxFuture<'static, ()>) {
		(**self).spawn(name, future)
	}
}