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// This file is part of Substrate.

// Copyright (C) 2018-2021 Parity Technologies (UK) Ltd.
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-3.0-or-later WITH Classpath-exception-2.0

// This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
// it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
// the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
// (at your option) any later version.

// This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
// but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
// MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
// GNU General Public License for more details.

// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
// along with this program. If not, see <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

//! Peer Set Manager (PSM). Contains the strategy for choosing which nodes the network should be
//! connected to.
//!
//! The PSM handles *sets* of nodes. A set of nodes is defined as the nodes that are believed to
//! support a certain capability, such as handling blocks and transactions of a specific chain,
//! or collating a certain parachain.
//!
//! For each node in each set, the peerset holds a flag specifying whether the node is
//! connected to us or not.
//!
//! This connected/disconnected status is specific to the node and set combination, and it is for
//! example possible for a node to be connected through a specific set but not another.
//!
//! In addition, for each, set, the peerset also holds a list of reserved nodes towards which it
//! will at all time try to maintain a connection with.

mod peersstate;

use std::{collections::HashSet, collections::VecDeque};
use futures::prelude::*;
use log::{debug, error, trace};
use serde_json::json;
use std::{collections::HashMap, pin::Pin, task::{Context, Poll}, time::Duration};
use wasm_timer::Instant;
use sp_utils::mpsc::{tracing_unbounded, TracingUnboundedSender, TracingUnboundedReceiver};

pub use libp2p::PeerId;

/// We don't accept nodes whose reputation is under this value.
const BANNED_THRESHOLD: i32 = 82 * (i32::min_value() / 100);
/// Reputation change for a node when we get disconnected from it.
const DISCONNECT_REPUTATION_CHANGE: i32 = -256;
/// Amount of time between the moment we disconnect from a node and the moment we remove it from
/// the list.
const FORGET_AFTER: Duration = Duration::from_secs(3600);

#[derive(Debug)]
enum Action {
	AddReservedPeer(SetId, PeerId),
	RemoveReservedPeer(SetId, PeerId),
	SetReservedPeers(SetId, HashSet<PeerId>),
	SetReservedOnly(SetId, bool),
	ReportPeer(PeerId, ReputationChange),
	AddToPeersSet(SetId, PeerId),
	RemoveFromPeersSet(SetId, PeerId),
}

/// Identifier of a set in the peerset.
///
/// Can be constructed using the `From<usize>` trait implementation based on the index of the set
/// within [`PeersetConfig::sets`]. For example, the first element of [`PeersetConfig::sets`] is
/// later referred to with `SetId::from(0)`. It is intended that the code responsible for building
/// the [`PeersetConfig`] is also responsible for constructing the [`SetId`]s.
#[derive(Debug, Copy, Clone, PartialEq, Eq, PartialOrd, Ord, Hash)]
pub struct SetId(usize);

impl SetId {
	pub const fn from(id: usize) -> Self {
		SetId(id)
	}
}

impl From<usize> for SetId {
	fn from(id: usize) -> Self {
		SetId(id)
	}
}

impl From<SetId> for usize {
	fn from(id: SetId) -> Self {
		id.0
	}
}

/// Description of a reputation adjustment for a node.
#[derive(Debug, Clone, Copy, PartialEq, Eq)]
pub struct ReputationChange {
	/// Reputation delta.
	pub value: i32,
	/// Reason for reputation change.
	pub reason: &'static str,
}

impl ReputationChange {
	/// New reputation change with given delta and reason.
	pub const fn new(value: i32, reason: &'static str) -> ReputationChange {
		ReputationChange { value, reason }
	}

	/// New reputation change that forces minimum possible reputation.
	pub const fn new_fatal(reason: &'static str) -> ReputationChange {
		ReputationChange { value: i32::min_value(), reason }
	}
}

/// Shared handle to the peer set manager (PSM). Distributed around the code.
#[derive(Debug, Clone)]
pub struct PeersetHandle {
	tx: TracingUnboundedSender<Action>,
}

impl PeersetHandle {
	/// Adds a new reserved peer. The peerset will make an effort to always remain connected to
	/// this peer.
	///
	/// Has no effect if the node was already a reserved peer.
	///
	/// > **Note**: Keep in mind that the networking has to know an address for this node,
	/// >           otherwise it will not be able to connect to it.
	pub fn add_reserved_peer(&self, set_id: SetId, peer_id: PeerId) {
		let _ = self.tx.unbounded_send(Action::AddReservedPeer(set_id, peer_id));
	}

	/// Remove a previously-added reserved peer.
	///
	/// Has no effect if the node was not a reserved peer.
	pub fn remove_reserved_peer(&self, set_id: SetId, peer_id: PeerId) {
		let _ = self.tx.unbounded_send(Action::RemoveReservedPeer(set_id, peer_id));
	}

	/// Sets whether or not the peerset only has connections with nodes marked as reserved for
	/// the given set.
	pub fn set_reserved_only(&self, set_id: SetId, reserved: bool) {
		let _ = self.tx.unbounded_send(Action::SetReservedOnly(set_id, reserved));
	}

	/// Set reserved peers to the new set.
	pub fn set_reserved_peers(&self, set_id: SetId, peer_ids: HashSet<PeerId>) {
		let _ = self.tx.unbounded_send(Action::SetReservedPeers(set_id, peer_ids));
	}

	/// Reports an adjustment to the reputation of the given peer.
	pub fn report_peer(&self, peer_id: PeerId, score_diff: ReputationChange) {
		let _ = self.tx.unbounded_send(Action::ReportPeer(peer_id, score_diff));
	}

	/// Add a peer to a set.
	pub fn add_to_peers_set(&self, set_id: SetId, peer_id: PeerId) {
		let _ = self.tx.unbounded_send(Action::AddToPeersSet(set_id, peer_id));
	}

	/// Remove a peer from a set.
	pub fn remove_from_peers_set(&self, set_id: SetId, peer_id: PeerId) {
		let _ = self.tx.unbounded_send(Action::RemoveFromPeersSet(set_id, peer_id));
	}
}

/// Message that can be sent by the peer set manager (PSM).
#[derive(Debug, PartialEq)]
pub enum Message {
	/// Request to open a connection to the given peer. From the point of view of the PSM, we are
	/// immediately connected.
	Connect {
		set_id: SetId,
		/// Peer to connect to.
		peer_id: PeerId,
	},

	/// Drop the connection to the given peer, or cancel the connection attempt after a `Connect`.
	Drop {
		set_id: SetId,
		/// Peer to disconnect from.
		peer_id: PeerId,
	},

	/// Equivalent to `Connect` for the peer corresponding to this incoming index.
	Accept(IncomingIndex),

	/// Equivalent to `Drop` for the peer corresponding to this incoming index.
	Reject(IncomingIndex),
}

/// Opaque identifier for an incoming connection. Allocated by the network.
#[derive(Debug, Copy, Clone, PartialEq, Eq, Hash)]
pub struct IncomingIndex(pub u64);

impl From<u64> for IncomingIndex {
	fn from(val: u64) -> IncomingIndex {
		IncomingIndex(val)
	}
}

/// Configuration to pass when creating the peer set manager.
#[derive(Debug)]
pub struct PeersetConfig {
	/// List of sets of nodes the peerset manages.
	pub sets: Vec<SetConfig>,
}

/// Configuration for a single set of nodes.
#[derive(Debug)]
pub struct SetConfig {
	/// Maximum number of ingoing links to peers.
	pub in_peers: u32,

	/// Maximum number of outgoing links to peers.
	pub out_peers: u32,

	/// List of bootstrap nodes to initialize the set with.
	///
	/// > **Note**: Keep in mind that the networking has to know an address for these nodes,
	/// >           otherwise it will not be able to connect to them.
	pub bootnodes: Vec<PeerId>,

	/// Lists of nodes we should always be connected to.
	///
	/// > **Note**: Keep in mind that the networking has to know an address for these nodes,
	/// >			otherwise it will not be able to connect to them.
	pub reserved_nodes: HashSet<PeerId>,

	/// If true, we only accept nodes in [`SetConfig::reserved_nodes`].
	pub reserved_only: bool,
}

/// Side of the peer set manager owned by the network. In other words, the "receiving" side.
///
/// Implements the `Stream` trait and can be polled for messages. The `Stream` never ends and never
/// errors.
#[derive(Debug)]
pub struct Peerset {
	/// Underlying data structure for the nodes's states.
	data: peersstate::PeersState,
	/// For each set, lists of nodes that don't occupy slots and that we should try to always be
	/// connected to, and whether only reserved nodes are accepted. Is kept in sync with the list
	/// of non-slot-occupying nodes in [`Peerset::data`].
	reserved_nodes: Vec<(HashSet<PeerId>, bool)>,
	/// Receiver for messages from the `PeersetHandle` and from `tx`.
	rx: TracingUnboundedReceiver<Action>,
	/// Sending side of `rx`.
	tx: TracingUnboundedSender<Action>,
	/// Queue of messages to be emitted when the `Peerset` is polled.
	message_queue: VecDeque<Message>,
	/// When the `Peerset` was created.
	created: Instant,
	/// Last time when we updated the reputations of connected nodes.
	latest_time_update: Instant,
}

impl Peerset {
	/// Builds a new peerset from the given configuration.
	pub fn from_config(config: PeersetConfig) -> (Peerset, PeersetHandle) {
		let (tx, rx) = tracing_unbounded("mpsc_peerset_messages");

		let handle = PeersetHandle {
			tx: tx.clone(),
		};

		let mut peerset = {
			let now = Instant::now();

			Peerset {
				data: peersstate::PeersState::new(config.sets.iter().map(|set| peersstate::SetConfig {
					in_peers: set.in_peers,
					out_peers: set.out_peers,
				})),
				tx,
				rx,
				reserved_nodes: config.sets.iter().map(|set| {
					(set.reserved_nodes.clone(), set.reserved_only)
				}).collect(),
				message_queue: VecDeque::new(),
				created: now,
				latest_time_update: now,
			}
		};

		for (set, set_config) in config.sets.into_iter().enumerate() {
			for node in set_config.reserved_nodes {
				peerset.data.add_no_slot_node(set, node);
			}

			for peer_id in set_config.bootnodes {
				if let peersstate::Peer::Unknown(entry) = peerset.data.peer(set, &peer_id) {
					entry.discover();
				} else {
					debug!(target: "peerset", "Duplicate bootnode in config: {:?}", peer_id);
				}
			}
		}

		peerset.alloc_slots();
		(peerset, handle)
	}

	fn on_add_reserved_peer(&mut self, set_id: SetId, peer_id: PeerId) {
		let newly_inserted = self.reserved_nodes[set_id.0].0.insert(peer_id.clone());
		if !newly_inserted {
			return;
		}

		self.data.add_no_slot_node(set_id.0, peer_id);
		self.alloc_slots();
	}

	fn on_remove_reserved_peer(&mut self, set_id: SetId, peer_id: PeerId) {
		if !self.reserved_nodes[set_id.0].0.remove(&peer_id) {
			return;
		}

		self.data.remove_no_slot_node(set_id.0, &peer_id);

		// Nothing more to do if not in reserved-only mode.
		if !self.reserved_nodes[set_id.0].1 {
			return;
		}

		// If, however, the peerset is in reserved-only mode, then the removed node needs to be
		// disconnected.
		if let peersstate::Peer::Connected(peer) = self.data.peer(set_id.0, &peer_id) {
			peer.disconnect();
			self.message_queue.push_back(Message::Drop {
				set_id,
				peer_id,
			});
		}
	}

	fn on_set_reserved_peers(&mut self, set_id: SetId, peer_ids: HashSet<PeerId>) {
		// Determine the difference between the current group and the new list.
		let (to_insert, to_remove) = {
			let to_insert = peer_ids.difference(&self.reserved_nodes[set_id.0].0)
				.cloned().collect::<Vec<_>>();
			let to_remove = self.reserved_nodes[set_id.0].0.difference(&peer_ids)
				.cloned().collect::<Vec<_>>();
			(to_insert, to_remove)
		};

		for node in to_insert {
			self.on_add_reserved_peer(set_id, node);
		}

		for node in to_remove {
			self.on_remove_reserved_peer(set_id, node);
		}
	}

	fn on_set_reserved_only(&mut self, set_id: SetId, reserved_only: bool) {
		self.reserved_nodes[set_id.0].1 = reserved_only;

		if reserved_only {
			// Disconnect all the nodes that aren't reserved.
			for peer_id in self.data.connected_peers(set_id.0).cloned().collect::<Vec<_>>().into_iter() {
				if self.reserved_nodes[set_id.0].0.contains(&peer_id) {
					continue;
				}

				let peer = self.data.peer(set_id.0, &peer_id).into_connected()
					.expect("We are enumerating connected peers, therefore the peer is connected; qed");
				peer.disconnect();
				self.message_queue.push_back(Message::Drop {
					set_id,
					peer_id
				});
			}

		} else {
			self.alloc_slots();
		}
	}

	/// Adds a node to the given set. The peerset will, if possible and not already the case,
	/// try to connect to it.
	///
	/// > **Note**: This has the same effect as [`PeersetHandle::add_to_peers_set`].
	pub fn add_to_peers_set(&mut self, set_id: SetId, peer_id: PeerId) {
		if let peersstate::Peer::Unknown(entry) = self.data.peer(set_id.0, &peer_id) {
			entry.discover();
			self.alloc_slots();
		}
	}

	fn on_remove_from_peers_set(&mut self, set_id: SetId, peer_id: PeerId) {
		// Don't do anything if node is reserved.
		if self.reserved_nodes[set_id.0].0.contains(&peer_id) {
			return;
		}

		match self.data.peer(set_id.0, &peer_id) {
			peersstate::Peer::Connected(peer) => {
				self.message_queue.push_back(Message::Drop {
					set_id,
					peer_id: peer.peer_id().clone(),
				});
				peer.disconnect().forget_peer();
			}
			peersstate::Peer::NotConnected(peer) => { peer.forget_peer(); }
			peersstate::Peer::Unknown(_) => {}
		}
	}

	fn on_report_peer(&mut self, peer_id: PeerId, change: ReputationChange) {
		// We want reputations to be up-to-date before adjusting them.
		self.update_time();

		let mut reputation = self.data.peer_reputation(peer_id.clone());
		reputation.add_reputation(change.value);
		if reputation.reputation() >= BANNED_THRESHOLD {
			trace!(target: "peerset", "Report {}: {:+} to {}. Reason: {}",
				peer_id, change.value, reputation.reputation(), change.reason
			);
			return;
		}

		debug!(target: "peerset", "Report {}: {:+} to {}. Reason: {}, Disconnecting",
			peer_id, change.value, reputation.reputation(), change.reason
		);

		drop(reputation);

		for set_index in 0..self.data.num_sets() {
			if let peersstate::Peer::Connected(peer) = self.data.peer(set_index, &peer_id) {
				let peer = peer.disconnect();
				self.message_queue.push_back(Message::Drop {
					set_id: SetId(set_index),
					peer_id: peer.into_peer_id(),
				});
			}
		}
	}

	/// Updates the value of `self.latest_time_update` and performs all the updates that happen
	/// over time, such as reputation increases for staying connected.
	fn update_time(&mut self) {
		let now = Instant::now();

		// We basically do `(now - self.latest_update).as_secs()`, except that by the way we do it
		// we know that we're not going to miss seconds because of rounding to integers.
		let secs_diff = {
			let elapsed_latest = self.latest_time_update - self.created;
			let elapsed_now = now - self.created;
			self.latest_time_update = now;
			elapsed_now.as_secs() - elapsed_latest.as_secs()
		};

		// For each elapsed second, move the node reputation towards zero.
		// If we multiply each second the reputation by `k` (where `k` is between 0 and 1), it
		// takes `ln(0.5) / ln(k)` seconds to reduce the reputation by half. Use this formula to
		// empirically determine a value of `k` that looks correct.
		for _ in 0..secs_diff {
			for peer_id in self.data.peers().cloned().collect::<Vec<_>>() {
				// We use `k = 0.98`, so we divide by `50`. With that value, it takes 34.3 seconds
				// to reduce the reputation by half.
				fn reput_tick(reput: i32) -> i32 {
					let mut diff = reput / 50;
					if diff == 0 && reput < 0 {
						diff = -1;
					} else if diff == 0 && reput > 0 {
						diff = 1;
					}
					reput.saturating_sub(diff)
				}

				let mut peer_reputation = self.data.peer_reputation(peer_id.clone());

				let before = peer_reputation.reputation();
				let after = reput_tick(before);
				trace!(target: "peerset", "Fleeting {}: {} -> {}", peer_id, before, after);
				peer_reputation.set_reputation(after);

				if after != 0 {
					continue;
				}

				drop(peer_reputation);

				// If the peer reaches a reputation of 0, and there is no connection to it,
				// forget it.
				for set_index in 0..self.data.num_sets() {
					match self.data.peer(set_index, &peer_id) {
						peersstate::Peer::Connected(_) => {}
						peersstate::Peer::NotConnected(peer) => {
							if peer.last_connected_or_discovered() + FORGET_AFTER < now {
								peer.forget_peer();
							}
						}
						peersstate::Peer::Unknown(_) => {
							// Happens if this peer does not belong to this set.
						}
					}
				}
			}
		}
	}

	/// Try to fill available out slots with nodes.
	fn alloc_slots(&mut self) {
		self.update_time();

		// Try to connect to all the reserved nodes that we are not connected to.
		for set_index in 0..self.data.num_sets() {
			for reserved_node in &self.reserved_nodes[set_index].0 {
				let entry = match self.data.peer(set_index, reserved_node) {
					peersstate::Peer::Unknown(n) => n.discover(),
					peersstate::Peer::NotConnected(n) => n,
					peersstate::Peer::Connected(_) => continue,
				};

				match entry.try_outgoing() {
					Ok(conn) => self.message_queue.push_back(Message::Connect {
						set_id: SetId(set_index),
						peer_id: conn.into_peer_id()
					}),
					Err(_) => {
						// An error is returned only if no slot is available. Reserved nodes are
						// marked in the state machine with a flag saying "doesn't occupy a slot",
						// and as such this should never happen.
						debug_assert!(false);
						log::error!(
							target: "peerset",
							"Not enough slots to connect to reserved node"
						);
					}
				}
			}
		}

		// Now, we try to connect to other nodes.
		for set_index in 0..self.data.num_sets() {
			// Nothing more to do if we're in reserved mode.
			if self.reserved_nodes[set_index].1 {
				continue;
			}

			// Try to grab the next node to attempt to connect to.
			while let Some(next) = self.data.highest_not_connected_peer(set_index) {
				// Don't connect to nodes with an abysmal reputation.
				if next.reputation() < BANNED_THRESHOLD {
					break;
				}

				match next.try_outgoing() {
					Ok(conn) => self.message_queue.push_back(Message::Connect {
						set_id: SetId(set_index),
						peer_id: conn.into_peer_id()
					}),
					Err(_) => break,	// No more slots available.
				}
			}
		}
	}

	/// Indicate that we received an incoming connection. Must be answered either with
	/// a corresponding `Accept` or `Reject`, except if we were already connected to this peer.
	///
	/// Note that this mechanism is orthogonal to `Connect`/`Drop`. Accepting an incoming
	/// connection implicitly means `Connect`, but incoming connections aren't cancelled by
	/// `dropped`.
	///
	// Implementation note: because of concurrency issues, it is possible that we push a `Connect`
	// message to the output channel with a `PeerId`, and that `incoming` gets called with the same
	// `PeerId` before that message has been read by the user. In this situation we must not answer.
	pub fn incoming(&mut self, set_id: SetId, peer_id: PeerId, index: IncomingIndex) {
		trace!(target: "peerset", "Incoming {:?}", peer_id);

		self.update_time();

		if self.reserved_nodes[set_id.0].1 {
			if !self.reserved_nodes[set_id.0].0.contains(&peer_id) {
				self.message_queue.push_back(Message::Reject(index));
				return;
			}
		}

		let not_connected = match self.data.peer(set_id.0, &peer_id) {
			// If we're already connected, don't answer, as the docs mention.
			peersstate::Peer::Connected(_) => return,
			peersstate::Peer::NotConnected(mut entry) => {
				entry.bump_last_connected_or_discovered();
				entry
			},
			peersstate::Peer::Unknown(entry) => entry.discover(),
		};

		if not_connected.reputation() < BANNED_THRESHOLD {
			self.message_queue.push_back(Message::Reject(index));
			return
		}

		match not_connected.try_accept_incoming() {
			Ok(_) => self.message_queue.push_back(Message::Accept(index)),
			Err(_) => self.message_queue.push_back(Message::Reject(index)),
		}
	}

	/// Indicate that we dropped an active connection with a peer, or that we failed to connect.
	///
	/// Must only be called after the PSM has either generated a `Connect` message with this
	/// `PeerId`, or accepted an incoming connection with this `PeerId`.
	pub fn dropped(&mut self, set_id: SetId, peer_id: PeerId) {
		// We want reputations to be up-to-date before adjusting them.
		self.update_time();

		match self.data.peer(set_id.0, &peer_id) {
			peersstate::Peer::Connected(mut entry) => {
				// Decrease the node's reputation so that we don't try it again and again and again.
				entry.add_reputation(DISCONNECT_REPUTATION_CHANGE);
				trace!(target: "peerset", "Dropping {}: {:+} to {}",
					peer_id, DISCONNECT_REPUTATION_CHANGE, entry.reputation());
				entry.disconnect();
			}
			peersstate::Peer::NotConnected(_) | peersstate::Peer::Unknown(_) =>
				error!(target: "peerset", "Received dropped() for non-connected node"),
		}

		self.alloc_slots();
	}

	/// Reports an adjustment to the reputation of the given peer.
	pub fn report_peer(&mut self, peer_id: PeerId, score_diff: ReputationChange) {
		// We don't immediately perform the adjustments in order to have state consistency. We
		// don't want the reporting here to take priority over messages sent using the
		// `PeersetHandle`.
		let _ = self.tx.unbounded_send(Action::ReportPeer(peer_id, score_diff));
	}

	/// Produces a JSON object containing the state of the peerset manager, for debugging purposes.
	pub fn debug_info(&mut self) -> serde_json::Value {
		self.update_time();

		json!({
			"sets": (0..self.data.num_sets()).map(|set_index| {
				json!({
					"nodes": self.data.peers().cloned().collect::<Vec<_>>().into_iter().filter_map(|peer_id| {
						let state = match self.data.peer(set_index, &peer_id) {
							peersstate::Peer::Connected(entry) => json!({
								"connected": true,
								"reputation": entry.reputation()
							}),
							peersstate::Peer::NotConnected(entry) => json!({
								"connected": false,
								"reputation": entry.reputation()
							}),
							peersstate::Peer::Unknown(_) => return None,
						};

						Some((peer_id.to_base58(), state))
					}).collect::<HashMap<_, _>>(),
					"reserved_nodes": self.reserved_nodes[set_index].0.iter().map(|peer_id| {
						peer_id.to_base58()
					}).collect::<HashSet<_>>(),
					"reserved_only": self.reserved_nodes[set_index].1,
				})
			}).collect::<Vec<_>>(),
			"message_queue": self.message_queue.len(),
		})
	}

	/// Returns the number of peers that we have discovered.
	pub fn num_discovered_peers(&self) -> usize {
		self.data.peers().len()
	}
}

impl Stream for Peerset {
	type Item = Message;

	fn poll_next(mut self: Pin<&mut Self>, cx: &mut Context) -> Poll<Option<Self::Item>> {
		loop {
			if let Some(message) = self.message_queue.pop_front() {
				return Poll::Ready(Some(message));
			}

			let action = match Stream::poll_next(Pin::new(&mut self.rx), cx) {
				Poll::Pending => return Poll::Pending,
				Poll::Ready(Some(event)) => event,
				Poll::Ready(None) => return Poll::Pending,
			};

			match action {
				Action::AddReservedPeer(set_id, peer_id) =>
					self.on_add_reserved_peer(set_id, peer_id),
				Action::RemoveReservedPeer(set_id, peer_id) =>
					self.on_remove_reserved_peer(set_id, peer_id),
				Action::SetReservedPeers(set_id, peer_ids) =>
					self.on_set_reserved_peers(set_id, peer_ids),
				Action::SetReservedOnly(set_id, reserved) =>
					self.on_set_reserved_only(set_id, reserved),
				Action::ReportPeer(peer_id, score_diff) =>
					self.on_report_peer(peer_id, score_diff),
				Action::AddToPeersSet(sets_name, peer_id) =>
					self.add_to_peers_set(sets_name, peer_id),
				Action::RemoveFromPeersSet(sets_name, peer_id) =>
					self.on_remove_from_peers_set(sets_name, peer_id),
			}
		}
	}
}

#[cfg(test)]
mod tests {
	use libp2p::PeerId;
	use futures::prelude::*;
	use super::{PeersetConfig, Peerset, Message, IncomingIndex, ReputationChange, SetConfig, SetId, BANNED_THRESHOLD};
	use std::{pin::Pin, task::Poll, thread, time::Duration};

	fn assert_messages(mut peerset: Peerset, messages: Vec<Message>) -> Peerset {
		for expected_message in messages {
			let (message, p) = next_message(peerset).expect("expected message");
			assert_eq!(message, expected_message);
			peerset = p;
		}
		peerset
	}

	fn next_message(mut peerset: Peerset) -> Result<(Message, Peerset), ()> {
		let next = futures::executor::block_on_stream(&mut peerset).next();
		let message = next.ok_or_else(|| ())?;
		Ok((message, peerset))
	}

	#[test]
	fn test_peerset_add_reserved_peer() {
		let bootnode = PeerId::random();
		let reserved_peer = PeerId::random();
		let reserved_peer2 = PeerId::random();
		let config = PeersetConfig {
			sets: vec![SetConfig {
				in_peers: 0,
				out_peers: 2,
				bootnodes: vec![bootnode],
				reserved_nodes: Default::default(),
				reserved_only: true,
			}],
		};

		let (peerset, handle) = Peerset::from_config(config);
		handle.add_reserved_peer(SetId::from(0), reserved_peer.clone());
		handle.add_reserved_peer(SetId::from(0), reserved_peer2.clone());

		assert_messages(peerset, vec![
			Message::Connect { set_id: SetId::from(0), peer_id: reserved_peer },
			Message::Connect { set_id: SetId::from(0), peer_id: reserved_peer2 }
		]);
	}

	#[test]
	fn test_peerset_incoming() {
		let bootnode = PeerId::random();
		let incoming = PeerId::random();
		let incoming2 = PeerId::random();
		let incoming3 = PeerId::random();
		let ii = IncomingIndex(1);
		let ii2 = IncomingIndex(2);
		let ii3 = IncomingIndex(3);
		let ii4 = IncomingIndex(3);
		let config = PeersetConfig {
			sets: vec![SetConfig {
				in_peers: 2,
				out_peers: 1,
				bootnodes: vec![bootnode.clone()],
				reserved_nodes: Default::default(),
				reserved_only: false,
			}],
		};

		let (mut peerset, _handle) = Peerset::from_config(config);
		peerset.incoming(SetId::from(0), incoming.clone(), ii);
		peerset.incoming(SetId::from(0), incoming.clone(), ii4);
		peerset.incoming(SetId::from(0), incoming2.clone(), ii2);
		peerset.incoming(SetId::from(0), incoming3.clone(), ii3);

		assert_messages(peerset, vec![
			Message::Connect { set_id: SetId::from(0), peer_id: bootnode.clone() },
			Message::Accept(ii),
			Message::Accept(ii2),
			Message::Reject(ii3),
		]);
	}

	#[test]
	fn test_peerset_reject_incoming_in_reserved_only() {
		let incoming = PeerId::random();
		let ii = IncomingIndex(1);
		let config = PeersetConfig {
			sets: vec![SetConfig {
				in_peers: 50,
				out_peers: 50,
				bootnodes: vec![],
				reserved_nodes: Default::default(),
				reserved_only: true,
			}],
		};

		let (mut peerset, _) = Peerset::from_config(config);
		peerset.incoming(SetId::from(0), incoming.clone(), ii);

		assert_messages(peerset, vec![
			Message::Reject(ii),
		]);
	}

	#[test]
	fn test_peerset_discovered() {
		let bootnode = PeerId::random();
		let discovered = PeerId::random();
		let discovered2 = PeerId::random();
		let config = PeersetConfig {
			sets: vec![SetConfig {
				in_peers: 0,
				out_peers: 2,
				bootnodes: vec![bootnode.clone()],
				reserved_nodes: Default::default(),
				reserved_only: false,
			}],
		};

		let (mut peerset, _handle) = Peerset::from_config(config);
		peerset.add_to_peers_set(SetId::from(0), discovered.clone());
		peerset.add_to_peers_set(SetId::from(0), discovered.clone());
		peerset.add_to_peers_set(SetId::from(0), discovered2);

		assert_messages(peerset, vec![
			Message::Connect { set_id: SetId::from(0), peer_id: bootnode },
			Message::Connect { set_id: SetId::from(0), peer_id: discovered },
		]);
	}

	#[test]
	fn test_peerset_banned() {
		let (mut peerset, handle) = Peerset::from_config(PeersetConfig {
			sets: vec![SetConfig {
				in_peers: 25,
				out_peers: 25,
				bootnodes: vec![],
				reserved_nodes: Default::default(),
				reserved_only: false,
			}],
		});

		// We ban a node by setting its reputation under the threshold.
		let peer_id = PeerId::random();
		handle.report_peer(peer_id.clone(), ReputationChange::new(BANNED_THRESHOLD - 1, ""));

		let fut = futures::future::poll_fn(move |cx| {
			// We need one polling for the message to be processed.
			assert_eq!(Stream::poll_next(Pin::new(&mut peerset), cx), Poll::Pending);

			// Check that an incoming connection from that node gets refused.
			peerset.incoming(SetId::from(0), peer_id.clone(), IncomingIndex(1));
			if let Poll::Ready(msg) = Stream::poll_next(Pin::new(&mut peerset), cx) {
				assert_eq!(msg.unwrap(), Message::Reject(IncomingIndex(1)));
			} else {
				panic!()
			}

			// Wait a bit for the node's reputation to go above the threshold.
			thread::sleep(Duration::from_millis(1500));

			// Try again. This time the node should be accepted.
			peerset.incoming(SetId::from(0), peer_id.clone(), IncomingIndex(2));
			while let Poll::Ready(msg) = Stream::poll_next(Pin::new(&mut peerset), cx) {
				assert_eq!(msg.unwrap(), Message::Accept(IncomingIndex(2)));
			}

			Poll::Ready(())
		});

		futures::executor::block_on(fut);
	}
}