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// This file is part of Substrate.

// Copyright (C) 2019-2021 Parity Technologies (UK) Ltd.
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-3.0-or-later WITH Classpath-exception-2.0

// This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
// it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
// the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
// (at your option) any later version.

// This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
// but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
// MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
// GNU General Public License for more details.

// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
// along with this program. If not, see <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

//! A set of APIs supported by the client along with their primitives.

use std::{fmt, collections::HashSet, sync::Arc, convert::TryFrom};
use sp_core::storage::StorageKey;
use sp_runtime::{
	traits::{Block as BlockT, NumberFor},
	generic::{BlockId, SignedBlock},
	Justifications,
};
use sp_consensus::BlockOrigin;

use crate::blockchain::Info;
use crate::notifications::StorageEventStream;
use sp_utils::mpsc::TracingUnboundedReceiver;
use sp_blockchain;

/// Type that implements `futures::Stream` of block import events.
pub type ImportNotifications<Block> = TracingUnboundedReceiver<BlockImportNotification<Block>>;

/// A stream of block finality notifications.
pub type FinalityNotifications<Block> = TracingUnboundedReceiver<FinalityNotification<Block>>;

/// Expected hashes of blocks at given heights.
///
/// This may be used as chain spec extension to set trusted checkpoints, i.e.
/// the client will refuse to import a block with a different hash at the given
/// height.
pub type ForkBlocks<Block> = Option<Vec<(NumberFor<Block>, <Block as BlockT>::Hash)>>;

/// Known bad block hashes.
///
/// This may be used as chain spec extension to filter out known, unwanted forks.
pub type BadBlocks<Block> = Option<HashSet<<Block as BlockT>::Hash>>;

/// Figure out the block type for a given type (for now, just a `Client`).
pub trait BlockOf {
	/// The type of the block.
	type Type: BlockT;
}

/// A source of blockchain events.
pub trait BlockchainEvents<Block: BlockT> {
	/// Get block import event stream. Not guaranteed to be fired for every
	/// imported block.
	fn import_notification_stream(&self) -> ImportNotifications<Block>;

	/// Get a stream of finality notifications. Not guaranteed to be fired for every
	/// finalized block.
	fn finality_notification_stream(&self) -> FinalityNotifications<Block>;

	/// Get storage changes event stream.
	///
	/// Passing `None` as `filter_keys` subscribes to all storage changes.
	fn storage_changes_notification_stream(
		&self,
		filter_keys: Option<&[StorageKey]>,
		child_filter_keys: Option<&[(StorageKey, Option<Vec<StorageKey>>)]>,
	) -> sp_blockchain::Result<StorageEventStream<Block::Hash>>;
}

/// Interface for fetching block data.
pub trait BlockBackend<Block: BlockT> {
	/// Get block body by ID. Returns `None` if the body is not stored.
	fn block_body(
		&self,
		id: &BlockId<Block>
	) -> sp_blockchain::Result<Option<Vec<<Block as BlockT>::Extrinsic>>>;

	/// Get full block by id.
	fn block(&self, id: &BlockId<Block>) -> sp_blockchain::Result<Option<SignedBlock<Block>>>;

	/// Get block status.
	fn block_status(&self, id: &BlockId<Block>) -> sp_blockchain::Result<sp_consensus::BlockStatus>;

	/// Get block justifications for the block with the given id.
	fn justifications(&self, id: &BlockId<Block>) -> sp_blockchain::Result<Option<Justifications>>;

	/// Get block hash by number.
	fn block_hash(&self, number: NumberFor<Block>) -> sp_blockchain::Result<Option<Block::Hash>>;

	/// Get single indexed transaction by content hash. 
	///
	/// Note that this will only fetch transactions
	/// that are indexed by the runtime with `storage_index_transaction`.
	fn indexed_transaction(
		&self,
		hash: &Block::Hash,
	) -> sp_blockchain::Result<Option<Vec<u8>>>;

	/// Check if transaction index exists.
	fn has_indexed_transaction(&self, hash: &Block::Hash) -> sp_blockchain::Result<bool> {
		Ok(self.indexed_transaction(hash)?.is_some())
	}
}

/// Provide a list of potential uncle headers for a given block.
pub trait ProvideUncles<Block: BlockT> {
	/// Gets the uncles of the block with `target_hash` going back `max_generation` ancestors.
	fn uncles(&self, target_hash: Block::Hash, max_generation: NumberFor<Block>)
		-> sp_blockchain::Result<Vec<Block::Header>>;
}

/// Client info
#[derive(Debug)]
pub struct ClientInfo<Block: BlockT> {
	/// Best block hash.
	pub chain: Info<Block>,
	/// Usage info, if backend supports this.
	pub usage: Option<UsageInfo>,
}

/// A wrapper to store the size of some memory.
#[derive(Default, Clone, Debug, Copy)]
pub struct MemorySize(usize);

impl MemorySize {
	/// Creates `Self` from the given `bytes` size.
	pub fn from_bytes(bytes: usize) -> Self {
		Self(bytes)
	}

	/// Returns the memory size as bytes.
	pub fn as_bytes(self) -> usize {
		self.0
	}
}

impl fmt::Display for MemorySize {
	fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
		if self.0 < 1024 {
			write!(f, "{} bytes", self.0)
		} else if self.0 < 1024 * 1024 {
			write!(f, "{:.2} KiB", self.0 as f64 / 1024f64)
		} else if self.0 < 1024 * 1024 * 1024 {
			write!(f, "{:.2} MiB", self.0 as f64 / (1024f64 * 1024f64))
		} else {
			write!(f, "{:.2} GiB", self.0 as f64 / (1024f64 * 1024f64 * 1024f64))
		}
	}
}

/// Memory statistics for state db.
#[derive(Default, Clone, Debug)]
pub struct StateDbMemoryInfo {
	/// Memory usage of the non-canonical overlay
	pub non_canonical: MemorySize,
	/// Memory usage of the pruning window.
	pub pruning: Option<MemorySize>,
	/// Memory usage of the pinned blocks.
	pub pinned: MemorySize,
}

/// Memory statistics for client instance.
#[derive(Default, Clone, Debug)]
pub struct MemoryInfo {
	/// Size of state cache.
	pub state_cache: MemorySize,
	/// Size of backend database cache.
	pub database_cache: MemorySize,
	/// Size of the state db.
	pub state_db: StateDbMemoryInfo,
}

/// I/O statistics for client instance.
#[derive(Default, Clone, Debug)]
pub struct IoInfo {
	/// Number of transactions.
	pub transactions: u64,
	/// Total bytes read from disk.
	pub bytes_read: u64,
	/// Total bytes written to disk.
	pub bytes_written: u64,
	/// Total key writes to disk.
	pub writes: u64,
	/// Total key reads from disk.
	pub reads: u64,
	/// Average size of the transaction.
	pub average_transaction_size: u64,
	/// State reads (keys)
	pub state_reads: u64,
	/// State reads (keys) from cache.
	pub state_reads_cache: u64,
	/// State reads (keys)
	pub state_writes: u64,
	/// State write (keys) already cached.
	pub state_writes_cache: u64,
	/// State write (trie nodes) to backend db.
	pub state_writes_nodes: u64,
}

/// Usage statistics for running client instance.
///
/// Returning backend determines the scope of these stats,
/// but usually it is either from service start or from previous
/// gathering of the statistics.
#[derive(Default, Clone, Debug)]
pub struct UsageInfo {
	/// Memory statistics.
	pub memory: MemoryInfo,
	/// I/O statistics.
	pub io: IoInfo,
}

impl fmt::Display for UsageInfo {
	fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
		write!(
			f,
			"caches: ({} state, {} db overlay), \
			 state db: ({} non-canonical, {} pruning, {} pinned), \
			 i/o: ({} tx, {} write, {} read, {} avg tx, {}/{} key cache reads/total, {} trie nodes writes)",
			self.memory.state_cache,
			self.memory.database_cache,
			self.memory.state_db.non_canonical,
			self.memory.state_db.pruning.unwrap_or_default(),
			self.memory.state_db.pinned,
			self.io.transactions,
			self.io.bytes_written,
			self.io.bytes_read,
			self.io.average_transaction_size,
			self.io.state_reads_cache,
			self.io.state_reads,
			self.io.state_writes_nodes,
		)
	}
}

/// Summary of an imported block
#[derive(Clone, Debug)]
pub struct BlockImportNotification<Block: BlockT> {
	/// Imported block header hash.
	pub hash: Block::Hash,
	/// Imported block origin.
	pub origin: BlockOrigin,
	/// Imported block header.
	pub header: Block::Header,
	/// Is this the new best block.
	pub is_new_best: bool,
	/// Tree route from old best to new best parent.
	///
	/// If `None`, there was no re-org while importing.
	pub tree_route: Option<Arc<sp_blockchain::TreeRoute<Block>>>,
}

/// Summary of a finalized block.
#[derive(Clone, Debug)]
pub struct FinalityNotification<Block: BlockT> {
	/// Imported block header hash.
	pub hash: Block::Hash,
	/// Imported block header.
	pub header: Block::Header,
}

impl<B: BlockT> TryFrom<BlockImportNotification<B>> for sp_transaction_pool::ChainEvent<B> {
	type Error = ();

	fn try_from(n: BlockImportNotification<B>) -> Result<Self, ()> {
		if n.is_new_best {
			Ok(Self::NewBestBlock {
				hash: n.hash,
				tree_route: n.tree_route,
			})
		} else {
			Err(())
		}
	}
}

impl<B: BlockT> From<FinalityNotification<B>> for sp_transaction_pool::ChainEvent<B> {
	fn from(n: FinalityNotification<B>) -> Self {
		Self::Finalized {
			hash: n.hash,
		}
	}
}